Diving without scuba gear
Beauty of a coral reef, with its teeming life of many inhabitants of the seabed, irresistibly attract me, sometimes even more than life on the island. The creator of the underwater kingdom has not stinted on a variety of colors and forms of life, it's all worth something to see.
Neither documentary with underwater photography can not convey the whole range of colors and sensations of visiting this wonderful world. For not many islanders involved snorkeling, diving is not entertainment, but a way of extraction sea cucumbers, clams, lobsters and some fish species. Skill diving to depths up to 13 meters can complement seafood and island specialties helpful and replenish the purse. And like any skill, with proper training lends itself to the development, which would be fair to the old rule of "repetition - the mother of learning."
Diving without scuba gear, using only their natural resources lungs, takes a lot of effort and energy. It is necessary to consider soberly and to normalize the depth, intensity, and the classroom. When developing a dive, unusual for the Russian everyman faced with unusual sound effects and water "plug" in the ears, and sometimes bleeding from the nose, feeling the pressure, as well as psychological discomfort before the new medium and its inhabitants. With the acquisition of experience, these nuances are lost. For security reasons it is advisable to train with a partner, pre-placing the boat anchor. Just need to know about the nature of the currents and tides of time.
Best dive in calm water, but it turned out if the waves should go back to the wave in order to avoid getting water in the naso-oral cavity, or do breaths between waves. Extremely important to remember that at a depth under any circumstances can not be rotated relative to the surface of the head, all the maneuvers to make the entire body parallel to the bottom. Otherwise, at a great depth risk pierce eardrums.
If scuba for most islanders considered expensive, the mask can afford almost any freediver. Do not dive to great depths without a mask, because water under pressure will penetrate into the nose, with the rapid ascent danger is not great, but then a long and unpleasant to be implied from the nose. After the dive should be blown through "water plug" of the ears, this is done through the nose and fingers clamped strong exhalation through the nose. Not be amiss to take water for drinking and for gargling salt water has an unpleasant taste and property throat tickle.
By choosing a mask for diving should be approached with the utmost seriousness, this is not the case where you can save. The mask should be closed nose, sit comfortably, have a quality magnifying glass with a small effect, and a spare elastic fasteners. Underwater breathing tube and flippers are left to your discretion. I note that the long search for offshore gas production, without significantly tube trains endurance and lung capacity, which was the reason for my refusal to purchase the tube. With flippers situation is reversed, although I have not had the pleasure to use them, but I think they greatly facilitate swimming.
In the sea there is a large probability of meeting with ramps up to three meters in diameter, of different colors, snakes in white with black stripes, staying at a respectful distance, they show interest. Should constantly look to monitor the situation around. In the event of any of its shark species should immediately rise to the watercraft and off. Jellyfish in the reproduction period throw into the sea disputes that irritate the skin, making swimming in unpleasant occupation, fresh water bathing relieves skin irritation. Chance meetings as well with large fish, may be interested in your person, you should remain calm, or retire on the boats. Other waterfowl are not dangerous, but this information is valid only to the waters near the island of Nye.
Mining clams pretty tight, this is due to the difficulty of recognizing the seabed, removing and lifting the boat. This clam clams, sometimes reaching a truly enormous size, feeding on plankton and dead organic particles. Usually lives among coral reefs, and merges with the surrounding background, which greatly complicates the search, at a depth of 2 meters. Sometimes tridacna meets and on the sandy bottom. They can be identified by two parallel wavy lines shells, which is located between the body a wide variety of colors, and constantly declining input hole. Small tridacna grow in the crevices between the stones on the bottom of the sink has a process, which clings to the rocks, making it impossible to extract the mollusk, and its extraction is impractical, because of the small size. As the growth process clam dies, but a new problem arises lifting, not because the low gravity sink. Tridacna rise up to 10-15 kg is not difficult, but it is important to remember that the edges of the shells and hitinok can seriously cut fingers. In case of danger clam shells sash closes, and what you need to do to get it before. Heavy shells can bind a rope that facilitates lifting. But in the case of very large tridaktnoy need to swim with parang, gently and quickly until it closed shell cut muscle, located across the wavy edges of shells, in the center. And then have to dive and parang extract of clam shells. This operation requires no small experience, a huge stock of stamina and energy.
Extracted tridacna in shells can be any store in the sea not far from the coast, the main thing that it is constantly bathing the sea water. Tridacna meat can be dried at a good sun, at least 4 days, followed by 5-month shelf life. Not big hammer and break the shells parang cut edge with clam shells. Extends across the body clam muscle interlock sash shells, beside her, in the center, is a black pouch, it must be removed, otherwise it will give when cooking the dish bitter. Do not be scared if the bag broke, carefully scrape off the remnants of a black slurry and rinse. Mollusk can be eaten raw, especially tasty white muscle fiber. Can clam boil, at least half an hour, if you want to remove the gray-brown stomach, unpleasant to look at.
Then chop and barely simmered on a hot pan (2-4 minutes) in oil, pre sensitive fry the onion, garlic and pepper, like to add lemon juice. Clam Meat harsh and has a specific taste, it should get used to, and the first meals can cause indigestion. Various shellfish, cephalopods and snails along the coast and on the rocks, have the same taste and that tridacna and also of the stomach, but it all depends on the characteristics of the organism. Small clams, squid and snails are cooked together with seashells half an hour, then stick extracted from shells, chitinous legs removed, washed and pripuskayut pan sauce. It is important to remember this delicacy - a perishable product. Sea cucumber strange creature eats dead organic matter deposited on the sand. Inhabits coral reefs as well as on the sandy bottom at different depths. Form of sea cucumber has 3 kinds; larva form, leaf form;-) and oval.
Color sea cucumbers and their size is full of variety, they are inactive, is not dangerous, not to be confused with too long a 1.5 meter snakes. As in the case of search tridacna need a trained eye, among the corals and rocks are poorly differentiated, if not be confused with stones, that I often did. Cucumber can get from the bottom using spears, 1.5 meters long, put a lead sinker weighing up to 2 kg. Located just above the cucumber spear lowered a long rope, sea cucumber and pierce get. It is noteworthy that the same spear can get a turtle, great weight sinkers allows pierce armor. Dried sea cucumbers are sold, subsequently reaching for export to Japan, where it is prized as a delicacy.